Writing a Scientific Article
Writing a scientific article may seem very clear and easy, but in fact you can make a lot of common mistakes.
How to Write a Scientific Article
This article is to answer the main questions arising from the person who first encountered the need to write a scientific article. The posts on this link https://writingpaper.org will also consider the process of working on such an article.
Where to Begin Writing a Scientific Article
You can ponder over the topic of the article.
First, review the material already available and consider how it can be used to write an article. The narrower and more specialized the theme of the article is, the better. Do not try to embrace the immensity. The topic should be relevant for science and interesting for you.
Having determined the topic, sketch out the approximate plan of the article, think about how and in what order to state the material. Now you need to decide what materials you lack for full and reasoned conclusions.
Go to the laboratory, the archives, and the library, to collect the missing information, and/or to conduct experiments. Be ready to pay attention to new articles on your topic that have appeared in the last year or two. Browse through scientific journals, conference collections, magazines, newspapers. The content of the article should be relevant and based on the latest developments of other researchers.
After collecting the necessary material, group it, analyze and summarize it. To better understand the scope of the work performed and the results of your activity, present the material in a visual form: draw charts, diagrams, graphs, tables. This will not only help you to organize the information yourself, but your readers will understand you better.
Structure of the Scientific Article
The scientific article consists of the following main parts: the title of the article (heading), abstract, keywords, introduction, main part, conclusion, references.
Let’s consider features of each of them.
The title of the article should carry out two tasks: to reflect the content of the article and to attract the interest of readers. Just like the text of the article itself, the title is written in the scientific style and reflects its content as correctly as possible.
It is advisable to include in the headline several keywords relevant to the subject matter. When you publish such an article on the Internet or in the electronic catalog of the library, a headline with keywords increases the chances that your articles will be found by those interested in this issue. The length of the title of the article should not exceed 10-12 words.
The heading is followed by an abstract – a concise description of the article is not necessary, but it is desirable. The abstract should be concise, but meaningful. The recommended size of the abstract is no more than 500 symbols, i.e. 4-5 sentences.
The abstract performs two main tasks:
- It helps the reader to orient in an enormous amount of information, where not all are of interest to him/her; also by the annotation, the potential reader decides whether to read the article itself;
- It aids to searching for information in automated search engines.
Keywords of a Scientific Article
Keywords are a kind of search key to the article. Bibliographic databases provide a search by keywords. Keywords can reflect the main provisions, results, terms. They should be of some value to express the content of the article and to search for it. Keywords can be either individual words or phrases. Usually, it’s enough to choose 5-10 keywords.
In the introduction, you should familiarize you reader with the object and the subject of research, outline the research methods used (equipment, measurement parameters, etc.), and formulate a hypothesis. It will not be superfluous to reflect the results of the work of your predecessors. Here you can give links to previous research for immersion in the topic.
The main part is the most extensive and important section of the scientific article. It gradually expands the process of research, outlines the reasoning that led to conclusions. If the article is written based on the results of experiments, it is necessary to describe them in detail, to reflect the stages and intermediate results. If some experiments were unsuccessful, they should also be told about them, revealing the conditions that affected the unsuccessful outcome and the methods for eliminating the shortcomings.
In this section, the important achievements of the author are published in the abstract form. All conclusions must be objective, be published as it is, without author’s interpretation. This allows readers to assess the quality of the data obtained and to draw their conclusions on their basis.
This section provides links to references cited or mentioned in the text of the article.
With this structure, you will write a sophisticated scientific article that will interest any reader.